What Do Lawyers Usually Say

The court clerk (sometimes called the courtroom assistant) usually sits in the courtroom near the judge. The Clerk takes an oath to witnesses and interpreters, handles files and evidence, keeps minutes of hearings, prepares trial and judgement forms and, in general, assists the judge in ensuring the smooth running of the process. The courtroom assistant is usually employed by the Clerk`s office. Bref de certiorari – Order of the Supreme Court ordering the lower court to provide records for a case for which it will hear on appeal. The Supreme Court is generally not required to hear appeals in cases. A rejection of the “certificate” by the Supreme Court leaves the previous judgment in place. Jurisdiction – (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time. Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts. 2.

The geographical area in which the General Court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A federal court in a state, for example, can usually rule on only one case arising from acts committed in that state. Hearsay – testimony from a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question, but learned about it through second-hand information such as someone else`s testimony, a newspaper or a document. Hearsay is generally not admissible as evidence in court, but there are many exceptions to this rule. Librarian – Meets the information needs of judges and lawyers. Legal Counsel – Legal Advice; A term used to refer to lawyers in a case. Persons or entities directly involved in a dispute are called parties. They are plaintiffs (those who prosecute in a civil case) or defendants (those who are prosecuted in a civil case or accused in criminal cases). The parties may be present at the advisory tables with their lawyers during the trial. Criminal defendants have the constitutional right to be present at their trials. In particular, the Sixth Amendment provides that “the defendant has the right. Civil parties also have the right to participate in their trials, but they often choose not to do so.

in bench – “In the bank” or “full bank”. These are hearings in which all members of a tribunal participate, not the usual quorum. U.S. appellate courts typically sit on panels of three judges, but may be expanded to a larger number in certain cases that they deem important enough to be decided by the entire court. They should then sit in the bench. This racy phrase is simply a mnemonic that some aspiring lawyers use when studying for the Bar Association. Pre-Trial Conference – A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss the issues that should be presented to the jury to review evidence and witnesses, establish a schedule and discuss the resolution of the case. Bail – guarantee for the release of a criminal accused or a witness from pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) in order to guarantee his appearance on the day and time fixed. pro se – Latin term meaning “in one`s own name”; In the courts, these are people who present their own case without a lawyer.

Parties – plaintiffs and defendants (applicants and respondents) of lawsuits, also known as appellants and appellate appellants, and their counsel. In the courtroom, each party`s lawyers sit at the advisory tables near the bank or talk to the judge, a witness or the jury. The job of every lawyer is to highlight the facts that put their client`s case in the most favorable light, but to do so with approved legal procedures. In a criminal case, the government prosecutor is called a prosecutor – usually an assistant district attorney (court case) or a U.S. assistant prosecutor (federal court case). Defendants may be represented by a public defence lawyer, a court-appointed lawyer or a private lawyer appointed by the accused. In civil proceedings, parties who wish to have a lawyer represent them must hire their own lawyer. Appeal – An application made after a trial that asks another court (usually the Court of Appeal) to decide whether the proceedings were conducted correctly. Making such a request means “appealing” or “appealing”. Both the plaintiff and the defendant can appeal, and the party who does so is called the plaintiff.

Appeals can be filed for a variety of reasons, including inappropriate procedures and ask the court to change its interpretation of the law. see dire – The process by which judges and lawyers select a small jury from among those who have the right to serve by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and willingness to decide the case solely on the basis of the evidence presented to the court. “To see said” is an expression that means “to tell the truth”. Box – A conference between the judge and the lawyers that was held outside the ear of the jury and spectators. From “right” to “wavering,” we`ve put together examples of terms that make sense to lawyers, but that make foreigners scratch their heads. Transcript – A written and textual record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or in another conversation. .