What Is a Term Loan Agreement

Material adverse effects: This definition is used in several places to define the seriousness of an event or circumstance, usually determining when the lender can take action in the event of default or require a borrower to remedy a breach of the agreement. This is an important definition that is often negotiated. As with any loan, an SBA fixed-rate loan payment remains the same because the interest rate is constant. Conversely, the payment amount of a variable rate loan can vary, as the interest rate can fluctuate. A lender can set up an SBA loan with interest payments only during the start-up or expansion phase of a business. As a result, the company has time to generate revenue before making full loan payments. Most SBA loans do not allow lump sum payments. Availability: The borrower must check if the facilities are available when the borrower needs them (for example. B to finance an acquisition).

Lenders often start with the position they need two or three days in advance before the facilities can be used or used. This can often be reduced to a one-day notice period or, in some cases, even a notification up to a certain time on the day of use. The lender must have enough time to process the loan application, and if there are multiple lenders, it usually takes at least 24 hours. Initial payments: A borrower should ensure that they have some flexibility to make initial payments (repay the loan early) without incurring any additional costs whenever possible. However, advance payments will only be allowed at the end of the interest periods – this avoids the payment of breakage fees and, in most cases, is in the best interest of the borrower. Particular attention should be paid to all mandatory advance payments (e.g. B in the case of a sale or, in the case of private companies, in the case of a free float) and all prepayment charges incurred. The existence of a trade union does not affect certain other provisions of an installation agreement. For example, there will also be a definition of “majority lenders” whose consent is required for certain measures. It is normal that this definition represents two-thirds of unionized banks in terms of the amount of their share of the loan.

The borrower must ensure that all syndicated banks are “qualified banks” for the above reasons, and again, appropriate collateral may be appropriate. Insurance and guarantees should only apply as long as funds are due to the creditor or the creditor has undertaken to lend, and the insurance and guarantees that apply to the original information (e.g. B the business plan or the accountants` report) should not be repeated throughout the life of the Facility. I am not saying that all companies, especially the smaller ones, use this technique. However, before negotiating a term loan, you should inquire about the types of restrictive covenants that may be required, either by visiting the tax officials of companies that have recently taken on bank debt, or by talking to loan officers to get an idea of the types of clauses that may be required. Armed with this knowledge, you can mention the requirements of other banks if the potential lender is too restrictive. Repayments under the term loan agreement must begin on the date which is 3 years after the date of each loan agreement. Observe the determinants of the objectives and severity of restrictive covenants: If the banker believes that the borrower intends to pursue an inappropriate strategy, he will focus on Objective 2 and return the restrictive covenants – possibly, in the case of borrowers in Quadrant 3, even ban or modify the strategy. Financial managers tasked with negotiating term loans with commercial banks often face a stone wall – the banker`s restrictions (restrictive agreements) on the business to ensure repayment. While the ultimate goals are easy to understand (getting the cheapest ways with the least restrictions), it`s not about achieving them.

Ever since the first caveman lent a spear to a friend, only to have it picked up in small pieces the next day, lenders have been cautious in their dealings with borrowers. In addition, lenders know that they have some power over borrowers and have turned them into mysticism. Unlike other contract negotiations, many borrowers feel that they have few, if any, cards to play with, that is, they have to take most of what the banker distributes. Discourages management from taking out short-term loans to finance long-term assets. Borrowers: It is important that the definition of “borrowers” includes all group companies that may need access to the loan, including revolving loans (flexible credit as opposed to a fixed amount repaid in installments) or the working capital element. This should also include all target companies that are acquired with the funds provided. Future subsidiaries may have to join the borrowing group. If there is a reason why the target companies cannot be parties to the agreement during its execution – for example, in the case of a takeover by a public limited company – the prior consent of the bank must be obtained so that they are subsequently included in the agreement. If there are foreign companies in the group, it is necessary to examine whether and how they will have access to credit facilities. Alternatively, the facility agreement may designate a single borrower and allow that borrower to distribute loans to other members of its corporate group. The credit agreements of commercial banks, savings banks, financial companies, insurance institutions and investment banks are very different from each other and all serve a different purpose.

“Commercial banks” and “savings banks”, because they accept deposits and benefit from FDIC insurance, generate loans that incorporate the concepts of “public trust”. Prior to intergovernmental banking, this “public trust” was easily measured by state banking regulators, who could see how local deposits were used to finance the working capital needs of local industry and businesses, and the benefits associated with employing this organization. “Insurance organizations” that charge premiums to provide life or property and casualty insurance have created their own types of loan contracts. The credit agreements and documentation standards of “banks” and “insurance companies” evolved from their individual cultures and were governed by guidelines that somehow addressed the liabilities of each organization (in the case of “banks”, the liquidity needs of their depositors; in the case of insurance companies, liquidity must be associated with their expected “debt payments”). There will always be a trigger. Despite the fact that the banker will probably never call the loan, the presence of a trigger gives the bank the power to take over the company`s assets due to the poor performance of profits. Mandatory costs: This formula, which refers to the costs incurred by banks in meeting their regulatory obligations, is rarely negotiated. It is provided as a timetable for the facilities agreement.

However, the interest rate should only apply to LIBOR-based facilities and not to base rate facilities, as a bank`s base rate already includes an amount that reflects mandatory costs. Sale of its assets (with the exception of inventory in the ordinary course of business and obsolete or fully depreciated equipment), unless the money received is used to repay the bank loan or to purchase replacement equipment. The lender should only have the right to demand repayment of the loan if a default event has occurred and continues. If the default has been remedied or lifted, the lender`s right to accelerate should cease. Loan agreements usually contain important details about the transaction, such as: interest is due at the end of each interest period, interest periods can be fixed periods (usually one, three or six months), or the borrower can choose the interest period for each loan (options are usually periods of one, three or six months). Authorize investments (p.B the purchase of common shares or bonds of other companies), loans or advances that exceed a certain amount in outstanding dollars. There are many definitions in each installation agreement, but most of them are either standard – and usually undisputed – or specific to the individual transaction. They should be carefully reviewed and, if necessary, carefully matched with the lender`s letter of offer/condition sheet.

Categorizing loan agreements by type of facility generally leads to two main categories: if the banker proposes a minimum of net assets as a trigger and a leverage ratio as a leverage brake, the manager can argue for the elimination of the trigger, because the debt-to-equity ratio is sufficient control. The banker may respond by saying that he wants to directly control the losses, but the borrower can at least relax the restrictions a little. For more information on the canon terms of installation agreements, please contact the Loan Markets Association or the Association of Corporate Treasure. Finally, an agreement on syndicated facilities will contain many provisions relating to a proxy bank and its role. .